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proficiency in biological chemistry may additionally still be a critical circumstance for getting into scientific school. but beginning in 2015, it's going to not be ample. in an effort to create a cadre of future physicians with greater bedside manners, the Assn. of american medical faculties has announced changes to the scientific school Admission look at various (MCATs) that could plumb applicants' competencies of psychology, sociology and biology, in addition to their ethical and scientific reasoning abilities.
"Being an outstanding doctor is rarely virtually understanding science: it's about realizing people," observed Dr. Darrell G. Kirch, president and chief government of the Assn. of yankee scientific schools in a news conference Thursday. A philosophy important in his undergraduate days, Kirch referred to Thursday that the forthcoming adjustments "suppose very momentous," paving the way for students from a wide array of backgrounds to the clinical occupation.
beginning in 2015, aspiring medical doctors will take a seat down for a six-and-a-half-hour look at various so one can go past plumbing their talents of physics, usual and biological chemistry and biochemistry. Two new sections will be introduced: one titled "Psychological, Sociological and organic Foundations of habits," and one other, "critical evaluation and Reasoning capabilities." these will require college students to have a large history within the social sciences and an ability to research, consider and practice tips from topics as distinctive as philosophy and ethics, inhabitants health and pass-cultural experiences.
Kirch mentioned the alterations are being introduced neatly ahead of their implementation in order that excessive faculty and school students considering the fact that a clinical career can birth diversifying their route hundreds now.
whereas Kirch noted American patients have access to the foremost clinical care on this planet, they at all times expense physicians' "individuals expertise" much less enormously. As analysis demonstrates the powerful influence that a person's mind, historical past and social networks have on his or her health, Kirch mentioned that future physicians need to have a vast knowing of those fields if they are to be effective physicians.
And with a affected person population ageing and extra ethnically different than at any time in background, he talked about, day after today's docs must have some academic exposure to fields past science.
the brand new MCATs, he spoke of, "will help us circulation toward better diversity" in the doctor group of workers and within the academic backgrounds from which they arrive. those that majored in English literature, economics and history don't need to rule out the opportunity of a profession in medication, he talked about. on the identical time, the MCATs will continue to check college students' grounding in college-degree science, as well as their "scientific inquiry and reasoning expertise."
The MCATs, at present a 4-to-5-hour ordeal, now will take about six-and-a-half hours. in the system of overhauling the test, Kirch mentioned that medical college admission administrators urged the company to drop the written portion of the verify, which they referred to introduced no tips on applicants that could not be gleaned through their direction grades and different application material.
File photo: student filling in solutions on a standardized test. New research… (Anitta C. Charlson / McClatchy-Tribune )
excessive college juniors sweating out the SATs could be interested to understand that new research shows that their high school grades — no longer standardized checks — are a far better predictor of their school efficiency.
"some of the fundamental messages of this report is that excessive faculty grades rely and they depend lots," said William C. Hiss, the major investigator on the document and the previous director of admissions for Bates faculty in Lewiston, Maine. "Grades are an improved predictor of how a student did in school than SAT scores, and that analysis is repeated repeatedly during the record."
Hiss referred to that the "long-time period self-discipline, and attention to detail, and doing all of your homework" that yield first rate grades in excessive college are also the features essential to school efficiency.
The analyze launched Tuesday turned into the first of its scope to focal point on the students who have attended schools and universities that offer candidates the alternative to put up SAT or ACT test ratings, instead of making it a requirement. It was paid for, Hiss observed, via a family basis that did not need to be identified.
Of the approximately three,000 four-year colleges and universities in the nation, about 800 present the choice of submitting standardized examine rankings, together with Bates faculty, which made the assessments non-compulsory in 1984.
The examine, titled "Defining Promise: non-compulsory Standardized testing guidelines in American faculty and school Admissions," worried 33 deepest faculties and public universities and the information of nearly 123,000 college students and alumni. Researchers looked at who submitted standardized look at various scores within the utility procedure and who did not, and then compared their performances in faculty.
Hiss found that there turned into virtually no change between the performance of people that submitted look at various rankings and those who didn't.
The cumulative grade element general of candidates who did not post test scores was .05 aspects decrease than folks that did put up ratings; while the change in their graduation prices became 0.6 p.c. The record known as these modifications "trivial."
And, when Hiss tracked the students' cumulative high school grades and their standardized check rankings, he found that the previous was much more predictive of their college performance than the latter.
"In a wide variety of settings, non-submitters are out-performing their standardized testing," the record says, while some with high look at various ratings however no longer-so-staggering high college grades have not carried out so neatly in college.
extra, the file discovered that people that chose now not to put up scores have been greater prone to be minority candidates, the first of their households to head to college, low-income candidates, girls and students with studying differences.
Robert Schaeffer, public education director of the national core for fair & Open checking out, known as the research "landmark" and noted it indicates that "examine-not obligatory plans promote each equity and excellence."
"We agree with that here's the evidence that many schools re-evaluating their admissions policies will should tip them into adopting verify-non-compulsory policies," observed Schaeffer, whose group opposes standardized checking out.
David Hawkins, director of public coverage and analysis for the country wide affiliation for school Admission Counseling, pointed out, "Many schools take it on faith that standardized admission checks inform them a whole lot about college students' potential to succeed in postsecondary training, but don't in reality conduct research to assess what, if anything, verify ratings inform them.'
"The importance of this record is that the tests, at least for these institutions, do not add that tons to the ability of schools to verify even if prospective students will prevail."
however, Hawkins pointed out it's unclear even if better education will rethink the SAT. "college admission policies trade slowly if at all," he stated.
He noted he believes that the report "will serve as a catalyst for yet another wave of interior discussions at colleges and universities that is likely to outcome in a bigger variety of faculties going check-non-compulsory," but he isn't anticipating an "avalanche" of trade.
Cyndie Schmeiser, chief of evaluation for the faculty Board, stated "dozens of inner and exterior reports display that the SAT is a sound predictor of faculty success for all college students. In nearly all validity studies, excessive school GPA and SAT scores in mixture are shown to be the most excellent predictors of college success."
At Connecticut faculty, college students have the alternative to publish SAT or ACT rankings in the event that they believe these exams replicate their strengths, but they are not required to accomplish that.
Deborah P. MacDonnell, director of public family members for Connecticut faculty, pointed out the faculty has found that a scholar's excessive college transcript, application essay, thoughts and other materials are superior predictors of school efficiency than standardized exams.
At Trinity faculty and Quinnipiac university, college officers say that standardized test ratings are required and that they think they add helpful counsel to a student's software. At Trinity, James J. Hughes, director of institutional research and planning, referred to that grades on my own are complex to make use of as a result of high faculties have different grading techniques and additionally distinct stages of rigor.
Joan Isaac Mohr, vice president for admissions and fiscal support at Quinnipiac university, spoke of she would agree that a pupil's excessive school tutorial record is the greatest predictor of school success, but she said she thinks the SAT or ACT scores do add critical advice to a pupil's application.
"We take it into consideration along with every thing else within the file," she mentioned. She brought that it be important for students to be comfortable taking standardized assessments as a result of they'll should take them to get into graduate school and sometimes to turn into licensed in anything box they opt for.
Admissions assessments, lengthy an ominous and force-crammed requirement for software to law school, may quickly become thoroughly not obligatory.
A notion working its way during the Chicago-primarily based American Bar affiliation, which is the accrediting physique for legislations faculties, would get rid of the requirement of a “legitimate and legit examine” such because the LSAT — and, more currently, the GRE — as a part of a law college’s admission process.
the rule trade become adopted via the council of the bar affiliation’s felony training section at a Friday assembly in Washington, D.C. but potential legislation college students might also still are looking to hold a deliver of sharpened pencils handy. The suggestion awaits an August evaluation with the aid of bar association delegates before it can also be finalized. and a lot of legislations colleges may additionally now not be so short to desert the LSAT as a major admissions tool.
“i'd predict legislation schools to continue to rely on an admissions test as a fundamental piece of their admissions guidelines, and sure the LSAT often is the verify of option in the foreseeable future,” Barry Currier, managing director of ABA Accreditation said in an announcement. “but the use of tests other than the LSAT, together with the GRE, may additionally add to the group of individuals who wish to analyze law, and that could be a positive construction.”
The LSAT become created on the urging of law colleges 70 years ago and became a requirement for candidates to profit admission. The half-day standardized exam is now given six times a yr at specific facilities, up from 4 assessments in old years.
but its cling on the admissions process has been loosening in recent years, with a couple of legislation faculties — including some in Chicago — beginning to permit applicants to take the GRE as an choice.
The tuition of Arizona college of legislations introduced in 2016 that it could accept both the GRE graduate faculty entry exam or the LSAT from candidates, a move that gathered steam as extra schools delivered the choice, including Northwestern university’s Pritzker school of legislations and John Marshall college of legislation in Chicago.
In a flow that shirks a practice as historic as baby boomers, legislation colleges around the nation are starting to consider accepting an admission examine apart from the LSAT. And Chicago-area faculties are watching closely.
The tuition of Arizona college of legislation began it. Early closing yr, it introduced that...
greater than 15 law schools because have concluded that the GRE, administered by using the nonprofit educational checking out service, is a “valid and reputable” alternative to the LSAT, assembly the bar association admissions standard for authorised schools.
Making admissions assessments optional would likely support the GRE gain traction, specialists say.
“We’ve had a important mass of students who’ve applied just with the GRE,” stated Daniel Rodriguez, dean of Northwestern’s Pritzker college of legislation. “With the determination made through the council of the ABA, we’ll get more in the coming years.”
on the identical time, Rodriguez said the LSAT is the “gold common” in standardized law faculty admissions assessments, and he expects it will stay so for years to come.
“I don’t suppose any of us feel that the LSAT is going to vanish,” he referred to.
fresh information tends to assist the strength of the LSAT, which has been on the upward thrust with a fresh surge in purposes.
The number of law college applicants had been cut basically in half on the grounds that peaking at one hundred,600 in 2004, in response to the bar affiliation. now not enormously, the variety of LSAT exams taken fell from an all-time excessive of practically 172,000 within the 2009-2010 educational yr to less than 102,000 inside 5 years, according to the legislations school Admission Council, a nonprofit firm that administers the test.
There are signals of resurgent interest in legislation college, with the variety of candidates up eight.6 percent this yr to 56,265, in keeping with the admission council. in the meantime, LSAT checks jumped more than 18 p.c, to about 129,000 checks administered, all through the 2017-2018 academic 12 months.
Kellye Testy, president and CEO of the admission council, pointed out she expects that colleges will continue to make use of the LSAT for extensively all of their admissions.
“whereas these changes shift the accountability for reasonable admission practices from the ABA to legislations faculties, we don't assume big changes for the monstrous majority of law colleges or their applicants to supply transparency and fairness by means of evaluating all candidates using commonplace and constant specifications,” Testy mentioned in a press release.
while Northwestern has welcomed the GRE as an alternative to the LSAT, Rodriguez turned into no longer ready to write off testing as an essential component of the admissions technique.
“i would be very surprised if any big number of faculties would decide to abandon an admissions test,” Rodriguez mentioned. “The final analysis is legislation faculties ignore facts of capacity and ability via an admissions examine at their peril.”
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Tax cost planning
The company tax expense applicable to C corporations (C Corps) has been decreased from 35 p.c to 21 p.c. particular person tax prices have additionally been decreased however no longer as vastly (from 39.7 percent to 37 p.c). individual tax quotes on qualified business web earnings of circulate through entities (S Corps, partnerships and LLCs) have been effortlessly reduced by using 20 p.c to 29.6 %. This disparity within the constructive tax rates creates some enjoyable challenges for planning govt compensation.
Tax Act influence on C Corps: With individual rates so plenty better than company rates, C Corps with owner executives may also desire to leave the profit in the C Corp (and pay the corporate tax on salary) instead of distributing out the earnings within the type of bonuses (decreasing company salary) and paying the tax as people. by way of doing so, the usual annual tax burden may be reduced. The company can retain earnings with a lower 21 percent tax fee compared to the bigger 37 p.c earnings tax rates on individuals. Bonuses may well be paid in future years, if desired, so long as the compensation is affordable in accordance with the price of features delivered that year or dividends could be paid. Pursuing this approach will location extra importance on the company's buy promote agreements together with the valuation of the enterprise. If enormous quantities of compensation are foregone, an owner govt would predict the price of his or her inventory to be greater reflecting the cost of the foregone compensation.
observe: Paying bonuses is still the extra productive method to distribute earnings from the C Corp when compared to paying dividends, as illustrated during this chart. the overall tax cost of paying bonuses is set 41 percent in comparison to 45 percent when paying dividends. notice these relative federal tax charges are lots nearer than they used to be … so paying dividends may well be a conceivable method for some C corps.
Tax Act have an impact on on S Corps and LLCs: the brand new Tax Act has introduced a 20 % deduction for certified company web salary of pass via entities designed to lower costs on company revenue of pass via entities an identical (as a minimum in philosophy) to the cost aid supplied C Corps. A move through owner within the 37 p.c tax bracket who receives the 20 % deduction would pay a 29.6 percent tax on the move through earnings.
under the tax guidelines before the contemporary Tax Act, proprietor executives commonly paid the equal expense of tax on wages as distributable business net income. One change is in the payroll taxes … Medicare taxes practice to wages however not necessarily to distributable net salary. This supplied some incentive to minimize wages and enhance distributions.
Going ahead, when S Corp and/or LLC proprietor executives are eligible for the 20 % deduction, the change in marginal prices will provide an even greater incentive to reduce wages. Doing so ought to be weighed in opposition t other essential factors together with optimizing the cost of any qualified plan deductions and merits and recognizing the acceptable value for services rendered by using each of the owner executives who may additionally have diverse ranges of possession and cling different jobs (with distinctive values).The role of compensation philosophy
organizations should still plan their government compensation in keeping with their ordinary philosophy on supplying compensation. This commonly means paying base salaries and incentives which are delivered in a tax beneficial manner.
This philosophy can additionally serve proprietor executives. executive compensation selections should bear in mind the tax implications to the supplier and the particular person, as an element of their standard philosophy.
• Marc Stockwell is a major and compensation and rewards observe leader at Findley, a HR and worker advantage consulting company.
The financial increase, Regulatory relief, and purchaser insurance policy Act, commonly spoke of because the Crapo Act, has been lauded because the most sweeping fiscal functions reform legislations due to the fact that the Dodd-Frank Act in 2010.
Signed into legislations by means of President Trump on may also 24, the Crapo Act has received colossal consideration for its banking reforms that reduce definite regulatory burdens on economic associations.
as an example, the Crapo Act raises the edge for fiscal associations to qualify as "systemically crucial," and hence their subjugation to superior laws, from $50 billion or extra in belongings to $250 billion (and provides the Federal Reserve the alternative to observe definite prudential necessities to associations with between $one hundred billion and $250 billion in belongings).
It also exempts from the Volcker Rule insured depository associations with $10 billion or less in property and total buying and selling property and liabilities that are 5 p.c or much less of their total assets.
These alterations are a welcome aid for the affected fiscal associations and will certainly have an effect on the banking regulatory panorama. The Crapo Act, however, is not quite simply a banking invoice. mostly flying below the radar are definite tremendous buyer finance reforms from which buyers and members within the trade stand to gain.
One such provision objectives loan lending to military veterans. The Crapo Act provides new requirements to the department of Veterans Affairs (VA) personal loan warranty program to give protection to veterans who refinance their domestic loans.
The act requires that the VA refinance loan be within the veteran's fiscal benefit and that a veteran borrower recoup the expenses and charges of the refinance loan inside 36 months of mortgage issuance. The act also limits how directly a veteran may additionally refinance a VA-certain mortgage with the aid of imposing a mortgage seasoning requirement.
The VA will now not assure a refinance loan on account of the Crapo Act until the later of 210 days after the date on which the primary monthly price is made on the preliminary loan and the date on which the sixth month-to-month fee is made on the preliminary personal loan.
These alterations to VA lending purpose to eradicate "loan churning," a practice whereby lenders again and again refinance VA-guaranteed mortgages, commonly devoid of credit underwriting, in the hunt for discount rates to the veteran's monthly personal loan fee.
Regulators have been involved that repeated financing doesn't improvement the borrower. no longer only does refinancing regularly contain additional prices to the borrower with every new loan, but early prepayment of those loans pooled into personal loan-backed securities can result in lower expenses on these securities and eventually bigger pastime costs for debtors.
per Congress' stated dedication to defense force veterans, this provision is designed to offer protection to a veteran's monetary investment in homeownership and is a significant shift in the origination necessities for VA loan lenders.
The act also amends the safe personal loan Licensing Act to make a metamorphosis to the licensing necessities for personal loan personal loan originators (MLOs) who are the individuals that take mortgage personal loan functions from consumers and shepherd buyers in the course of the mortgage origination method.
The protected Act requires MLOs working for a depository establishment, corresponding to a financial institution, or its controlled subsidiary to be registered on the federal degree, presently the consumer fiscal protection Bureau (CFPB).© offered by using The Hill
MLOs employed by way of different licensed lenders, equivalent to a non-bank loan lender, frequently ought to reap a license in each state during which she or he originates mortgage loans.
in advance of the Crapo Act, MLOs moving their employment from a depository to a non-depository institution or in quest of to do business in new states were unable to begin working and originating loans unless they bought a state license, which may take weeks or months.
The act grants those MLOs with unblemished licensing data temporary authorization to have interaction in mortgage origination activities while their license is being processed, eradicating the lag time in between jobs or growth of enterprise actions into new states.
besides these two provisions, the Crapo Act carries other critical provisions relating to customer finance, including, amongst others, protections for pupil personal loan borrowers and cosigners of deepest loans, as well as servicemembers in default on their loan personal loan.
whereas lots of the client finance changes in the Crapo Act are large to consumers and the industry alike, they are often now not controversial, and the Crapo Act leaves many difficult, contentious considerations unaddressed.
It left alone any changes to the CFPB's structure as an independent agency and doesn't handle a retooling of the CFPB's funding. The Crapo Act additionally doesn't consist of primary reforms regarding statistics privacy or the TILA-RESPA integrated Disclosure rule, regardless of a number of congressional bills that would have an effect on these areas.
then again, the act's have an effect on on patrons and business contributors should now not be omitted. Even the non-controversial changes in the act, which are often overshadowed by way of the banking reforms, will have crucial penalties for purchaser finance.
Holly Bunting and Steven Kaplan are partners in Mayer Brown's fiscal services Regulatory and Enforcement apply neighborhood. Elyse Moyer is an associate in Mayer Brown's economic features Regulatory and Enforcement group.
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AICPA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
AIIM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Alcatel-Lucent [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Alfresco [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Altiris [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Amazon [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
American-College [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Android [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
APA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
APC [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
APICS [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Apple [69 Certification Exam(s) ]
AppSense [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
APTUSC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Arizona-Education [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ARM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Aruba [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
ASIS [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
ASQ [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
ASTQB [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
Autodesk [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Avaya [93 Certification Exam(s) ]
Axis [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Banking [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
BEA [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
BICSI [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
BlackBerry [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
BlueCoat [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Brocade [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Business-Objects [11 Certification Exam(s) ]
Business-Tests [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
CA-Technologies [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
Certification-Board [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Certiport [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
CheckPoint [40 Certification Exam(s) ]
CIPS [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cisco [312 Certification Exam(s) ]
Citrix [46 Certification Exam(s) ]
CIW [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cloudera [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cognos [19 Certification Exam(s) ]
College-Board [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
CompTIA [74 Certification Exam(s) ]
ComputerAssociates [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
CPP-Institute [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CSP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CWNA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CWNP [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Dassault [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
DELL [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
DMI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ECCouncil [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
ECDL [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
EMC [127 Certification Exam(s) ]
Enterasys [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Ericsson [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Esri [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
ExamExpress [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Exin [40 Certification Exam(s) ]
ExtremeNetworks [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
F5-Networks [20 Certification Exam(s) ]
FCTC [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Filemaker [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Financial [36 Certification Exam(s) ]
Fortinet [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
Foundry [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Fujitsu [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
GAQM [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
Genesys [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GIAC [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Google [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GuidanceSoftware [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
H3C [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
HDI [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Healthcare [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
HIPAA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hitachi [28 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hortonworks [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hospitality [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
HP [743 Certification Exam(s) ]
HR [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
HRCI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Huawei [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hyperion [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
IAAP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBM [1518 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBQH [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICDL [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
IEEE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IELTS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IFPUG [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIBA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IISFA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Intel [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IQN [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IRS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISACA [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISC2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISEB [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
Isilon [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISM [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
iSQI [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
ITEC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Juniper [62 Certification Exam(s) ]
Legato [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Liferay [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Lotus [66 Certification Exam(s) ]
LPI [23 Certification Exam(s) ]
LSI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Magento [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Maintenance [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
McAfee [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
McData [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Medical [25 Certification Exam(s) ]
Microsoft [361 Certification Exam(s) ]
Mile2 [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Military [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Misc [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Motorola [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
mySQL [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCLEX [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Network-General [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
NetworkAppliance [36 Certification Exam(s) ]
NI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NIELIT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nokia [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nortel [130 Certification Exam(s) ]
Novell [37 Certification Exam(s) ]
OMG [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Oracle [261 Certification Exam(s) ]
P&C [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Palo-Alto [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PARCC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PayPal [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Pegasystems [11 Certification Exam(s) ]
PEOPLECERT [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PMI [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Polycom [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
PostgreSQL-CE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Prince2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
PRMIA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PsychCorp [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PTCB [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
QAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
QlikView [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Quality-Assurance [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
RACC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Real-Estate [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
RedHat [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RES [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Riverbed [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RSA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sair [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
Salesforce [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
SANS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAP [98 Certification Exam(s) ]
SASInstitute [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCO [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCP [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
SDI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
See-Beyond [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Siemens [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Snia [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
SOA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Social-Work-Board [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SpringSource [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUN [63 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUSE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sybase [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
Symantec [133 Certification Exam(s) ]
Teacher-Certification [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Tibco [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
TruSecure [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veritas [32 Certification Exam(s) ]
Vmware [57 Certification Exam(s) ]
Wonderlic [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
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